Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal,
Vol.9, No. 3 (2013)
Qasim Mohamed Doss
Tahseen Fadhel Abaas
Aqeel Sabree Bedan
An Investigation Study of Thinning Distribution in Single Point Incremental Forming Using FEM Analysis.
Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) is a forming technique of sheet material based on layered manufacturing principles. The sheet part is locally deformed through horizontal slices. The moving locus of forming tool (called as toolpath) in these slices constructed to the finished part was performed by the CNC technology. The toolpath was created directly from CAD model of final product. The forming tool is a Ball-end forming tool, which was moved along the toolpath while the edges of sheet material were clamped rigidly on fixture.
This paper presented an investigation study of thinning distribution of a conical shapes carried out by incremental forming and the validation of finite element method to evaluate the limits of the process as regards to the geometry of the final product.
Three conical products have been carried out during this study with different forming angles and depth. The process was simulated using FEM program (ANSYS 11.0) and the results showed that the deviations between simulated and real values did not exceed of 6%.
Mauwafak A. Tawfik
Mohammed I. Abu-Tabikh
Farouk O. Hamdoon
Aeroelastic Behavior of a Wind Turbine Blade by a Fluid -Structure Interaction Analysis.
In this paper, a numerical model for fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis is developed for investigating the aeroelastic response of a single wind turbine blade. The Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory was adopted to calculate the aerodynamic forces considering the effects of wind shear and tower shadow. The wind turbine blade was modeled as a rotating cantilever beam discretized using Finite Element Method (FEM) to analyze the deformation and vibration of the blade. The aeroelastic response of the blade was obtained by coupling these aerodynamic and structural models using a coupled BEM-FEM program written in MATLAB. The governing FSI equations of motion are iteratively calculated at each time step, through exchanging data between the structure and fluid by using a Newmark’s implicit time integration scheme. The results obtained from this paper show that the proposed modeling can be used for a quick assessment of the wind turbine blades taking the fluid-structure interaction into account. This modeling can also be a useful tool for the analysis of airplane propeller blades.
Naseer M. Yasin
Mustafa M. Al-Eedany
Enhancement of a Power System Transient Stability Using Static Synchronous Series Compensator SSSC.
Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) is a well known device for effectively regulating the active power flow in a power system. In this paper, the SSSC linearized power flow equations are incorporated into Newton-Raphson algorithm in a MATLAB written program to investigate the control of active poweer flow and the transient stability of a five bus and a thirty bus IEEE test systems, during abnormal conduction (three phase fault near buses). A comparison of the results obtained for the base case without SSSC and with it to investigate the effectiveness of the device on both of the active power flow and the transient stability.
Sadiq J. Abbass
Furman K. Ahmed
Zahraa A. Mohammed
Theoretical and Practical Investigation of Blood Flow through Stenosed Coronary Lad Artery.
Atherosclerosis is the most common causes of vascular diseases and it is associated with a restriction in the lumen of blood vessels. So; the study of blood flow in arteries is very important to understand the relation between hemodynamic characteristics of blood flow and the occurrence of atherosclerosis.
looking for the physical factors and correlations that explain the phenomena of existence the atherosclerosis disease in the proximal site of LAD artery in some people rather than others is achieved in this study by analysis data from coronary angiography as well as estimating the blood velocity from coronary angiography scans without having a required data on velocity by using some mathematical equations and physical laws. Fifty-eight patients were included in this study that underwent cardiac catheterization for diagnostic coronary angiography. It found some information that may explain the ability of small arteries to develop the lesions with time mainly in proximal site of LAD artery.
Simulation of a Wet Sulfuric Acid Process (WSA) for Utilization of Acid Gas Separated from Omani Natural Gas
In this study, a proposed process for the utilization of hydrogen sulphide separated with other gases from omani natural gas for the production of sulphuric acid by wet sulphuric acid process (WSA) was studied. The processwas simulated at an acid gas feed flow of 5000 m3/hr using Aspen ONE- V7.1-HYSYS software. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine the optimum conditions for the operation of plant. This included primarily the threepacked bed reactors connected in series for the production of sulphur trioxidewhich represented the bottleneck of the process. The optimum feed temperature and catalyst bed volume for each reactor were estimated and then used in the simulation of the whole process for two cases namely 4 and 6 mole% SO2 stream fed to the first catalytic reactor. The 4mole% SO2 gaves the highest conversion (98%) compared with 6 mole% SO2 (94.7%). A valuable quantity of heat was generated from the process. This excess heat could also be transformed into power in a turbine or used as a heating media in neighbouring process units.
Influence of the Applied Potential and Temperature on the Electrodeposition of the Lead Dioxide.
The excellent specifications of electrodes coated with lead dioxide material make it of great importance in the industry. So it was suggested this study, which includes electrodeposition of lead dioxide on graphite substrate, knowing that the electrodeposition of lead dioxide on graphite studied earlier in different ways.
In this work the deposition process for lead dioxide conducted using electrolytic solution containing lead nitrate concentration 0.72 M with the addition of some other material to the solution, such as copper nitrate, nickel nitrate, sodium fluoride and cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, but only in very small concentrations. As for the operating conditions, the effect of change potential and temperature as well as the time on the deposition process was studied.
The results shown at the end of the experiments that the change in the applied potential to the cell and electrolytic solution temperature had the greatest influence on the cell current, anodic current density, anodic overpotential and the amount of lead dioxide deposited on the anode.
Jafar Mehdi Hassan
Majid Ahmed Oleiwi
Ahmed Fouad Mahdi
Pressure Control of Electro-Hydraulic Servovalve and Transmission Line Effect.
The effected of the long transmission line (TL) between the actuator and the hydraulic control valve sometimes essentials. The study is concerned with modeling the TL which carries the oil from the electro-hydraulic servovalve to the actuator. The pressure value inside the TL has been controlled by the electro-hydraulic servovalve as a voltage supplied to the servovalve amplifier. The flow rate through the TL has been simulated by using the lumped π element electrical analogy method for laminar flow. The control voltage supplied to servovalve can be achieved by the direct using of the voltage function generator or indirect C++ program connected to the DAP-view program built in the DAP-card data acquisition connected to PC, to control the value of pressure in a selected point in the TL. It has been found that the relation between the voltage value and the output flow rate from the servovalve in most of the path is a linear relation. The MATLAB m-File program is used to create a representation state of the mathematical model to find a good simulation for the experimental open loop control test.