Vol.1, No. 2(2005)

 

Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal,

 

Vol.1, No. 2(2005)

 

 

No. Author Name  Title Abstract Full Text
1

Dr.Walid.A.Mahmoud

Dr.A.barsoum, Entather Mahos

Fuzzy Wavenet (FWN) classifier for medical images

 

The combination of wavelet theory and neural networks has lead to the development of wavelet networks. Wavelet networks are feed-forward neural networks using wavelets as activation function. Wavelets networks have been used in classification and identification problems with some success.

  In this work we proposed a fuzzy wavenet network (FWN), which learns by common back-propagation algorithm to classify medical images. The library of medical image has been analyzed, first. Second, Two experimental tables’ rules provide an excellent opportunity to test the ability of fuzzy wavenet network due to the high level of information variability often experienced with this type of images.

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2

 

Dr. Tarik Zeyad

 

Human Face Recognition Using Wavelet Network

This paper presents a study of wavelet self-organizing maps (WSOM) for face recognition. The WSOM is a feed forward network that estimates optimized wavelet based for the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) on the basis of the distribution of the input data, where wavelet basis transforms are used as activation function. Full Text
3

Dr. Walid A. Mahmoud

Dr. Mohammed N. Al-Turfi

FPGA Realization of Two-Dimensional Wavelet and Wavelet Packet Transform

The Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) approach is the most recent category, which takes the place in the implementation of most of the Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications. It had proved the capability to handle such problems and supports all the necessary needs like scalability, speed, size, cost, and efficiency.

In this paper a new proposed circuit design is implemented for the evaluation of the coefficients of the two-dimensional Wavelet Transform (WT) and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) using FPGA is provided.

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4

Dr.Nabil Hassan Hadi

Fuzzy control of mobile robot in slippery environment

The problem of independent motion control of mobile robot (МR) in conditions when unforeseen changes of conditions of interaction of wheels with a surface are considered. An example of such changes can be sudden entrance МR a slippery surface. The deployment of an autonomous unmanned ground vehicle for field applications provides the means by which the risk to personnel can be minimized and operational capabilities improved. In rough terrain, it is critical for mobile robots to maintain good wheel traction. Wheel slip could cause the rover to lose control and become trapped. This paper describes the application of fuzzy control to a feedback system within slippery environment. The study is conducted on an example of МR with two driving wheels. Full Text
5

 

Dr. Kamal K.M. Saify 

Dr. Adnan N.J. Al-Temimy

Dr. Muhsin J.J

The Timoshenko Three-Beams Technique To EstimateThe Main Elastic Moduli Of Orthotropic Homogeneous Materials

A New developed technique to estimate the necessary six elastic constants of homogeneous laminate of special orthotropic properties are presented in this paper for the first time. The new approach utilizes the elasto-static deflection behavior of composite cantilever beam employing the famous theory of Timoshenko. Three extracted strips of the composite plate are tested for measuring the bending deflection at two locations. Each strip is associated to a preferred principal axis and the deflection is measured in two orthogonal planes of the beam domain. A total of five trails of testing is accomplished and the numerical results of the stiffness coefficients are evaluated correctly under the contribution of the macromechanics and the approximate bending theory. Full Text
6

Soroor K. Al-Khafaji 

Dr. Nihad  Al-Rahman 

Dr. Zuhair I. Al- Dauod

Design of a Programmable System for Failure Modes

And Effect Analysis of Steam-Power Plant Based on the Fault Tree Analysis

In this paper, the system of the power plant has been investigated as a special type of industrial systems, which has a significant role in improving societies since the electrical energy has entered all kinds of industries, and it is considered as the artery of modern life.

  The aim of this research is to construct a programming system, which could be used to identify the most important failure modes that are occur in a steam type of power plants. Also the effects and reasons of each failure mode could be analyzed through the usage of this programming system reaching to the basic events (main reasons) that causing each failure mode. The construction of this system for FMEA is depending on the logical relationships of the fault tree analysis for the systems that contained in the power station.

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7

 

Dr: Hussain A.Dawood  

Oday. I. Abdullah

Free Vibration Analysis for Dynamic Stiffness Degradation of Cracked Cantilever Plate

In the present work a dynamic analysis technique have been developed to investigate and characterize the quantity of elastic module degradation of cracked cantilever plates due to presence of a defect such as surface of internal crack under free vibration. A new generalized technique represents the first step in developing a health monitoring system, the effects of such defects on the modal frequencies has been the main key quantifying the elasticity modulii due to presence any type of un-visible defect. In this paper the finite element method has been used to determine the free vibration characteristics for cracked cantilever plate (internal flaws), this present work achieved by different position of crack. Stiffness reduction in term of elastic material properties is analyzed through a parametric study of crack density factor. Results are given for Young’s modulus and shear modulus variation with respects the vibrational characteristics.    Full Text
8

Hayder Mohammed

Abdul-Hameed    

Mathematical Modeling for the Clarifier Units and Turbidity

Parameters in AL-KARAMA Treatment Plant

The high cost of chemical analysis of water has necessitated various researches into finding alternative method of determining portable water quality. This paper is aimed at modelling the turbidity value as a water quality parameter. Mathematical models for turbidity removal were developed based on the relationships between water turbidity and other water criteria. Results showed that the turbidity of water is the cumulative effect of the individual parameters/factors affecting the system. A model equation for the evaluation and prediction of a clarifier’s performance was developed:

Model: T = T0(-1.36729 + 0.037101∙10λpH + 0.048928t + 0.00741387∙alk)

The developed model will aid the predictive assessment of water treatment plant performance.

The limitations of the models are as a result of insufficient variable considered during the conceptualization.

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