Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal,
Vol.12, No. 1(2016)
Ahmed Naïf Al-Khazraji,
Samir Ali Al-Rabii
Hameed Shamkhi Al-Khazalli
Enhancement of Buckling Resistance of Aluminized Long Columns of Stainless Steel AISI 303
This paper has investigated experimentally the dynamic buckling behavior of AISI 303 stainless steel Aluminized and as received long columns. These columns, hot-dip aluminized and as received, are tested under dynamic buckling, 22 specimens, without aluminizing (type 1), and 50 specimens, with hot-dip aluminizing at different aluminizing conditions of dipping temperature and dipping time (type 2), are tested under dynamic compression loading and under dynamic combined loading (compression and bending) by using a rotating buckling test machine. The experimental results are compared with Perry Robertson interaction formula that used for long columns. Greenhill formula is used to get a mathematical model that descripts the buckling behavior of the specimens of type (1) under dynamic compression loading. The experimental results obtained show an advantageous influence of hot-dip aluminizing treatment on dynamic buckling behavior of AISI 303 stainless steel long columns. The improvement based on the average value of critical buckling stress, are as follow: (64.8 %) for long columns type (2), compared with columns type (1), under dynamic compression loading, and (56.6 %) for long columns type (2), compared with columns type (1), under dynamic combined loading, and (33.3 %) for long columns type (2) compared with Perry Robertson critical buckling stress
Qussai Jihad Abdul-Ghafour
Mohammed Aziz Hassan
Experimental Study of the Performance of Compound Parabolic Concentrating Solar Collector.
Dheya Ghanim Mutasher
Experimental Study of the Effect of Condenser Tubes Distribution for Domestic Refrigerator
The performance of a condenser in a domestic refrigerator system without wires and a condenser with a novel design consisted of number of loops as elliptical shape is investigated experimentally in this work. The experiment was conducted with a refrigerator designed to work with HFC134a, under no load and with loads of (1.5,3 and 12 liters of water). In particular, the effects of shape change of the condenser were very important in heat transfer enhancement and reduce of the frictional loss as a result of reducing the pressure drop in the condenser. The results shown that compressor work decreases with elliptical condenser about (8.6% to 11.3%), and then the power consumption decreases also. The performance of household refrigerator with an elliptical condenser without fins was better than that of the conventional condenser without fins. Therefore, the elliptical condenser can be used instead of the conventional air cooled condenser in a domestic refrigeration system.
Bassim Sayed Mohammed
Multi-Dimensional Angle of Arrival Estimation by Circular Phased Adaptive Array Antennas.
Nizar Hadi Abbas
Basma Jumia saleh
Design of a Kinematic Neural Controller for Mobile Robots based on Enhanced Hybrid Firefly-Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm.
Mohammed Y. Hassan
Shahad S. Ghintab
Ant Colony Optimization Based Force-Position Control for Human Lower Limb Rehabilitation Robot.
The aim of human lower limb rehabilitation robot is to regain the ability of motion and to strengthen the weak muscles. This paper proposes the design of a force-position control for a four Degree Of Freedom (4-DOF) lower limb wearable rehabilitation robot. This robot consists of a hip, knee and ankle joints to enable the patient for motion and turn in both directions. The joints are actuated by Pneumatic Muscles Actuators (PMAs). The PMAs have very great potential in medical applications because the similarity to biological muscles. Force-Position control incorporating a Takagi-Sugeno-Kang- three- Proportional-Derivative like Fuzzy Logic (TSK-3-PD) Controllers for position control and three-Proportional (3-P) controllers for force control. They are designed and simulated to improve the desired joints position specifications such as minimum overshoot, minimum oscillation, minimum steady state error, and disturbance rejection during tracking the desired position medical trajectory.
Ali Salah Mahdi
A Comparison Between Recursive Least-Squares (RLS) and Extended Recursive Least-Squares (E-RLS) for Tracking Multiple Fast Time Variation Rayleigh Fading Channel.
Nada S. Ahmedzeki
Ban A. Al-Tabbakh
Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Zeolite Y.
Worldwide attention is being focused on nanocrystalline zeolites and they are replacing conventional ones due to their pronounced potential in many fields. In this study, NaY zeolite has been prepared hydrothermally using sol –gel method and modified to the proton type by ion –exchange process. Characterization is made using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Atomic force microscopy (AFM), Brunauer –Emmet- Teller (BET) nitrogen adsorption method, Ammonia Temperature programmed desorption (NH3-TPD) and Scanning electron microscopy( SEM). The effect of aging time, silica to alumina ratio is studied and the results show well defined crystalline structure with nano particle size (70 and 81nm) with surface area of 499m2/gm.
Munthir M. Al-Kubaisy