Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal,
Vol.12, No. 2(2016)
Bushra S. Albusoda, Laith A. Al-Anbary
Performance Assessment of Pile Embedded in Expansive Soil.
An evaluation for the performance of model pile embedded in expansive soil was investigated. An extensive testing program was planned to achieve the purpose of this research. Therefore, special manufactured system was prepared for studying the behavior of model pile having different length to diameter ratios (L/D). Two types of piles were used in this research, straight shaft and under reamed piles. The effect of model pile type, L/D ratio and number of wetting drying cycles were studied. It is observed that significant reductions in pile movement when under reamed piles were considered. A proposed design charts was presented for straight shaft and under reamed piles to estimate the length of both types of piles that is required to exert minimized uplift pressure when the soil swells.
Fadhil A. Chyad, Mohammed S.
Hamza, Zainab I. Dhary
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Synthesized Doped Nanoferrite.
Aseel Basim ALubaidi
Falak O. Abas
Nazar J. Abdulredhi
Thermal Behaviour of Paraffin Wax/Poly Vinyl Alcohol Composite Material
Polymer additives binder system provides many properties useful in thermal energy storage (TES) then developed the efficient energy storage materials and green strength bodies system. This paper studies the thermal energy storage property for polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) / paraffin wax (WPw) blends. To enhance paraffin wax thermal conductivity, PVOH as a material which high conductivity was employed. A fixed weight of Paraffin wax was dispersed with PVOH heterogeneously at different additive weights ratios of PVOH/Pw (50/50, 67/33, 75/25, and 80/20) wt. ratio respectively. The composite material was prepared using wetted pressing method. Both base materials (polyvinyl alcohol and paraffin wax) were scanned using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) under non-isothermal conditions, the result was analysed to determine the thermal transition temperature of PVOH and paraffin wax base material. The thermal decomposition of PVOH and waste paraffin wax proved that high transition temperature (TG) for PVOH reached 209ᴼc rather than wax of 60ᴼc respectively. This result shows that PVOH suppress the thermal stability of PVOH/waste paraffin wax composites. Afterward examines the thermal conductivity enhancement using Lee- disk techniques. Composite materials PVOH/paraffin wax have a high thermal conductivity which increases thermal conductivity of waste paraffin wax as a heat storage media and this allows to apply change in phase with wide range of temperatures, and the highest decreased ratio of phase-change heat is very low, compared to that of paraffin only. Therefore, PVOH, added to paraffin which has significant potential for enhancing the thermal storage characteristics of paraffin.
Jalal M. Jalil
Ihab Omar Abbas
Large Eddy Simulation in Duct Flow.
Ziad T. Abd Ali
Using Activated Carbon developed from Iraqi Date Palm Seeds as Permeable Reactive Barrier for Remediation of Groundwater Contaminated with Copper.
Qasim Saleh Mahdi
Hayder Mohammad Jaffal
Energy and Exergy Analysis on Modified Closed Wet Cooling Tower in Iraq.
The present study involves experimental analysis of the modified Closed Wet Cooling Tower (CWCT) based on first and second law of thermodynamics, to gain a deeper knowledge in this important field of engineering in Iraq. For this purpose, a prototype of CWCT optimized by added packing under a heat exchanger was designed, manufactured and tested for cooling capacity of 9 kW. Experiments are conducted to explore the effects of various operational and conformational parameters on the towers thermal performance. In the test section, spray water temperature and both dry bulb temperature and relative humidity of air measured at intermediate points of the heat exchanger and packing. Exergy of water and air were calculated by applying the exergy destruction method on the cooling tower. Experimental results showed a significant performance improvement when using packing on the CWCT. It can be observed that the thermal efficiency for the CWCT with packing under a heat exchanger and CWCT with packing above the heat exchanger are approximately 40% and 25% higher than that of the CWCT without packing respectively. As another part of the experiment results, it is indicated that the exergy destruction is directly proportional to air flow rate, cooling water flow rate, inlet cooling water flow rate and inlet Air Wet Bulb Temperature (AWBT) whereas, it is inversely proportional with spray water flow rate. In comparison with the cooling capacity of the tower, it was found that the exergy destruction approximately less than 20%. Exergy efficiency behavior is inversely proportional with the behavior of the exergy destruction. Empirical correlations are obtained to predict water film heat transfer coefficient and air-water mass transfer coefficient considering the influences of operational parameters
Ihsan Kadhom Abbas
Weldability of New Material Sandwich Steel for Automotive Applications.
Arkan k. Al-Taaie
Waheeds S. Mohammad
Abbas J. Jubear
Numerical Simulation of the Collector Angle Effect on the Performance of the Solar Chimney Power Plant.
Sloped solar chimney system is a solar chimney power plant with a sloped collector. Practically, the sloped collector can function as a chimney, then the chimney height can be reduced and the construction cost would be reduced.The continuity, Naver-stockes, energy and radiation transfer equations have been solved and carried out by Fluent software. The governing equations are solved for incompressible, 3-D, steady, turbulent standard model with Boussiuesq approximation to develop for the sloped solar chimney system in this study and evaluate the performance of solar chimney power plant in Baghdad city of Iraq numerically by Fluent (14) software with orking conditions such as solar radiation intensity (300,450,600,750 and 900 W/m2), and collector which angle (0°, 15° and 30°).The results show that the change of collector angle has considerable effects on the performance of the system.The velocity increases when the collector angle increases and reach to the maximize value at a collector angle (30°).
Mohammed Ali S. Mohammed
Amjad J. Humaidi
Ammar A. Al jodah
Iman M.G. Alwan
Enas Muzaffer Jamel